(505) 293-2211 Fax: (505) 293-0915

Dental Services Albuquerque

Dr. Billie Adams is a family and cosmetic dentist offering a wide range of dental services in Albuquerque and the surrounding areas.

Hygiene

Total oral health begins with healthy gums. A dental prophylaxis is the cleaning of teeth by a dentist or hygienist. A dental prophylaxis is designed to control gingivitis and prevent gum disease. It is recommended that healthy patients get a dental prophylaxis every 6 months in order to maintain good oral health.

Gum Disease

Also known as Periodontal Disease, is inflammation of the gum tissue around the teeth. In Periodontal disease the inflamed gum tissue pulls away from the tooth creating a periodontal pocket that becomes infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gumline. The combination of bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection causes a breakdown in the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth in place. If periodontal disease goes untreated, the bone, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose, painful and need to be removed.

Gingivitis

Gums are mildly inflamed, may appear red or swollen and may bleed during brushing

Periodontal Disease presents in several forms

Treatment for periodontal disease begins with Scaling and Root Planning of infected areas. Patient’s conditions are unique; therefore your oral healthcare provider will discuss your treatment plan against gum disease after your hygiene status has been established.

Fillings

Dental Cavities, also known as tooth decay, is a bacterial infection causing destruction in the enamel, dentin, and/or cementum of a tooth. A dental filling is a restorative material used to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth structure.

Crowns

Often a dental cavity can destroy several critical areas of a tooth that are necessary for function and support. When this is the case, little tooth structure remains. A filling is not an option when minimal tooth structure remains and a crown is then necessary. A crown, sometimes referred to as a cap, is a full coverage restoration designed to prevent a tooth with minimal support and tooth structure from fracturing. Crowns are necessary when a tooth has had root canal therapy.

Onlay

An onlay is like a crown, but instead of full coverage for support around a tooth like a crown, an onlay offers coverage only in areas where function has been lost. An onlay is only indicated when the tooth is not at risk for fracture, but has enough missing tooth structure that a filling will not be sufficient in replacing the function of the tooth.

Veneers

A veneer is a porcelain restoration that typically covers one surface of the tooth–usually the surface that lies in the cosmetic zone of a patient’s smile. Veneers are often used in cosmetic dentistry and many times are not covered by insurance.

Extractions

An extraction is the removal of a tooth from the bone and surrounding gum tissue. Although our goal is to work to save the tooth, there are times when extraction is necessary. If you are going to have an extraction, it is important to keep in mind there are several options available to replace your missing tooth. If you think there is no reason to replace your missing tooth, you may want to give that option a second thought. When the teeth erupt in the mouth, they erupt in a fashion in which they are all balanced by forces acting against them. If a tooth is removed, the remaining teeth no longer have forces pushing against them. They tend to tip into that open space, trapping food, and causing periodontal pocketing. The teeth from the opposing arch tend to move up or down causing a malocclusion, which could lead to TMJ problems and headaches. In the long-run, by neglecting to replace a tooth, you may be creating more severe problems to several other areas in the mouth.

Bridges

A bridge, also known as a fixed partial denture, is a dental restoration designed to replace the empty space of a missing tooth. The restoration is typically made out of crowns fused together to make a complete unit. The restoration must have at least two strong teeth or implants adjacent to the missing tooth. The adjacent teeth or implants are used as anchors to support the fixed unit that will be replacing the open space.

Implants

A dental implant is a surgical grade titanium post placed in the jawbone, designed to replace a single tooth or multiple missing teeth. Dental implants may be restored with a single crown and abutment, a fixed partial denture, or an implant retained full denture.
[1] Natural tooth, [2] Dental implant, [3] Tooth crown

Dentures

In cases where several teeth are missing, a full denture or removable partial denture may be indicated. A full denture is indicated when a patient has no teeth present. A full denture can either be held in place when attached to dental implants, or removable when fabricated to fit over the gum tissue and jawbone. A partial denture is indicated when a patient is missing a few or more teeth and dental implants or bridges are not a viable option.

Root Canal Therapy

Root canal therapy is a sequence of treatments designed to remove the infected nerve and blood vessels of a tooth. Once the infection, nerve and blood vessels have been removed from the roots and pulp chamber of the tooth, the hollow roots are then filled and sealed with a material called gutta-percha. Because the core support of the tooth has been removed, a core build-up and crown are indicated to restore function and prevent the tooth from fracturing. It is important to keep in-mind that because a tooth has had root canal therapy, that does not mean it has immunity against re-infection. It is important to maintain good hygiene on a root canal treated tooth as it is any another tooth.

Cosmetic Dentistry

Porcelain Crowns, Veneers, Bonding, Dental Implants, Bridges, Tooth Colored Fillings, and Teeth Whitening.

Teeth Whitening

Everybody loves a bright white smile, and there are a variety of products and procedures available to help you improve the look of yours. Many people are satisfied with the sparkle they get from daily brushing and regular cleanings at your dentist’s office, but if you decide you would like to go beyond this to make your smile look brighter, you should investigate all of your teeth whitening options in Albuquerque. (source: http://www.mouthhealthy.org)